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National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST)

On the 89th Amendment of the Constitution coming into force on 19th February, 2004, the National Commission for Scheduled Tribes has been setup under Article 338A on bifurcation of erstwhile National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes to oversee the implementation of various safeguards provided to Scheduled Tribes under the Constitution.

Composition of the Commission:
Name Designation Phone
Shri Kunwar Singh Chairman
w.e.f 15-03-2004
24624628 (O)
23359435 (R)
Shri Tapir Gao* Vice Chairman
* resigned
w.e.f 31-3-04
Shri Lama LObzang Member
w.e.f 02-03-2004
24623958 (O)
24635736 (R)
Shri Prem Bai Mandavi Member
w.e.f 04-03-2004
24646954 (O)
24675466 (R)
Shri Buduru Srinivasulu Member
w.e.f 11-03-2004
24654826 (O)
24675422 (R)


Duties and Functions of the Commission:

Constitution of India under Article 338A has assigned the following duties and functions to the Commission:
To investigate and monitor all matters relating to the safeguards provided for the Scheduled Tribes under the Constitution or under any other law for the time being in force or under any order of the Government and to evaluate the working of such safeguards;
to enquire into specific complaints with respect to the deprivation of rights and safeguards of the Scheduled Tribes;
to participate and advise in the planning process of socio-economic development of Scheduled Tribes and to evaluate the progress of their development under the Union or any state;
to present to the President, annually and at such other times as the Commission may deem fit, reports upon the working of those safeguards;
to make such reports, recommendations as to the measures that should be taken by the Union or any State for effective implementation of those safeguards and other measures for protection, welfare and socio-economic development of the Scheduled Tribes, and
to discharge such other functions in relation to the protection, welfare and development and advancement of the Scheduled Tribes as the President may, subject to the provisions of any law made by Parliament, by rule specify.

Powers of the Commission:

While investigating the matters referred to in sub-clause (a) to inquire into any complaint referred to in sub-clause (b) of clause 5, the Commission have all the powers of a Civil Court trying a suit and in particular in respect of the following matters:
» summoning and enforcing the attendance of any person from any part of India and examining him on oath;
» requiring the discovery and production of any documents;
» receiving evidence on affidavits;
» requisitioning any public record or copy thereof from any court or office;
» issuing summons / communications for examination of witnesses and documents;
» any other matter which President may by rule determine.

Consultation by the Union and State Governments with the Commission:

In accordance with clause 9 of Article 338A of the Constitution, Union and every State Government shall consult the Commission on all major policy matters affecting Scheduled Tribes.


The Commission while investigating matters relating to the safeguards provided under the Constitution monitors the implementation and working of safeguards which include:
» Acting upon Article 23 of the Constitution which prohibits traffic in human beings and forced labour, etc; in respect of STs.
» Prohibition of child labour under Article 24; in respect of STs.
» Educational safeguards under Article 15(4) for reservation of seats in educational institutions;
» Economic safeguards under Article 244 and working of Fifth and Sixth schedules and release of grants for raising the level of administration in tribal areas;
» To safeguard the distinct language, script or culture under Article 29(i);
» Working of service safeguards provided under Article 16(4), 16(4A), 16 (4B) and 335 providing adequate representation of Scheduled Tribes in appointments or posts;
» Enforcement of various laws such as:
» The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989
» Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act, 1976 ( in respect of Schedule Tribes)
» The Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation ) Act, 1986( in respect of Schedule Tribes)
» State Acts and Regulations concerning alienation and restoration of land belonging to Scheduled Tribes.
» Forest Conservation Act, 1980 ( in respect of Schedule Tribes)
» The Panchayat (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996.
» Minimum Wages Act, 1948 ( in respect of Schedule Tribes)

The Working of the Commission:

The National Commission for Scheduled Tribes functions from its Headquarters at New Delhi and from the State Offices of the Commission located in six states.

There are four wings at Headquarters:
» Administration & Coordination Wing
» Service Safeguards wing
» Atrocities Wing
» Economic & Social Development Wing
There are 6 State Offices of the National Commission for Scheduled Tribes which work as 'eyes and ears' of the Commission. They keep a watch on the formulation of policy and issue of guidelines relating to the welfare of Scheduled Tribes in the States / UTs and keep the Commission's Headquarters informed about the developments periodically. Policy decisions taken by any State Government/UT Administration affecting the interests of the Scheduled Tribes are brought to the notice of the concerned authorities for necessary action.
Location, Jurisdiction and Telephone Nos. of State Offices
Headquarter & Jurisdiction Designation of the Officer-in-charge Office
Phone Nos.
Orissa, West Bengal, Andaman & Nikobar Islands, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry
Research Officer 0674-2502481 National Commission for Scheduled Tribes, 91, Satyanagar, Bhubneswar-751007 (Orissa)
Mandhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala, Goa, Dadar & Nagar Haveli and Lakshdweep
Director 0755-2578272 0755-2576530 (PC) National Commission for Scheduled Tribes, Room No.309, NIrman Sadan, CGO Builing, 52-1, Arera Hills, Bhopal-462011 (MP)
Director (Additional Charge) 0771-2443335 National Commission for Scheduled Tribes, C/o Shri Judhishthir Meher, R-26, Sector-2, Avanti Vihar, Post Office, Ravigrame, Raipur-492006 (Chhatisgarh)
Meghalaya, Mizoram, Manipur, Tripura, Nagaland, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim
Assistant Director 0364-2221362 0364-2504202 (PC) National Commission for Scheduled Tribes, Temple Road, Lower Lachumire,
Jharkhand, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh
Research Officer (Additional Charge) 0651-2340368 0651-2341677 National Commission for Scheduled Tribes, 14, A.G. Co-operative Colony, Kadru, Ranchi-834002 (Jharkhand)
B Wing, 6th Floor,
NEW DELHI - 110 003.
TEL/ FAX : 2462 5378 , 2460 4689, 2462 4648, 2465 4826.
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